Friday, August 19, 2011

Dog Flea Dermatitis

Dog flea dermatitis, commonly known as flea allergy, is the most often found kind of allergy observed in canines and is brought on by the bite of a flea. It is the primary cause of itchiness in dogs, and it just takes the bite of one lone flea to stimulate an allergy on the dog's skin. Flea dermatitis can cause itchiness in your dog for anywhere from a couple of hours to a couple of days and can take as long as three to seven days to show up after the initial bite of a flea.

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What Are The Causes of Dog Flea Dermatitis?

Fleas can only be noticed on an animal when they feed. Analogous to mosquitoes, fleas will bite the canine and take in blood for nutrition. While they do this, they inject a wee measure of saliva into the dog's skin that could contain as many as fifteen individual allergy causing substances. If the canine is sensitive to any of the allergens that are injected by the flea, it will cause an allergic response which causes the animal scratching. Nearly half of all canines will have to tolerate dog flea dermatitis, and though it's more frequently found in grown dogs, pups could also develop flea allergies.

Diagnosing Dog Flea Dermatitis and Recognition of Its Warning Signs

Dog owners typically don't realize that their beloved dog has fleas because of their relatively tiny size and because of how challenging they can be to eradicate. What makes the task of diagnosing dog flea dermatitis much more arduous is the fact that it just takes a single flea to bring on a flea allergy and warning signs may not be detectable for nearly one week after the bite from the flea occurred. It does not take an infestation to bring about a dog flea allergy. The warning signs of allergies generally include uncontrollable scratching and itching or biting of the fur and skin, inflaming of the skin, skin rashes, and reddening of the skin. As a consequence of the endless scratching and itching, loss of fur all over the dog's body, primarily near the region commencing in the halfway point along the spine to the beginning of their tail and also in their hind legs region, can also be a pretty sound indicator of dog flea dermatitis. A vet can also detect flea allergies in your pet using advanced blood and skin screens to detect particular allergens and to eliminate other possibilities such as bacterial, fungal and yeast infections.

Flea Treatment Should Begin With a Good Flea Eradication Program

The first step of a projected kind of flea treatment calls for exterminating fleas both on your dog as well as in your pet's local environment. Even with a flawless flea control plan in place, it is not unusual for canine's to still experience an occasional flea bite. Pets that are frequently outside may present an even tougher challenge.

Conventional Remedies and Desensitization as Dog Flea Dermatitis Treatments

A vet might oftentimes try using desensitization as a type of dog flea dermatitis treatment. This calls for giving the animal a shot with small traces of flea antigen over a certain time period, potentially for the rest of the animal's lifetime. This type of treatment has been shown to be successful in close to 50% of the cases, but could possibly get very costly over the long term. Antihistamines and conventional treatments, such as corticosteroids, are also normally prescribed by the veterinarian to remedy flea dermatitis in dogs. These treatments can often grant relief for flea allergies; with that said, it has been verified that there are negative side effects linked with taking steroids. In the long run, this type of treatment can be more harmful than beneficial.

Natural Treatments for Dog Flea Dermatitis

Attributable to the side effects connected to the use of steroids, an increasing number of dog owners are now trying natural treatments for dog flea dermatitis. There are many all natural ingredients utilized in these herbal formulas that are both effective and safe for your pet. German Chamomile has been utilized to cleanse and soothe the skin for many centuries. Other herbs have also been found to facilitate better overall skin health and provide soothing and restoration benefits to the skin, and include Cleavers, Witchhazel and Marigold.

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Thursday, August 11, 2011

Get Rid of Dog Fleas

Fleas are a significant problem that every dog owner ultimately has to deal with. Anyone who owns a pet has almost certainly gone through the difficult job of getting rid of fleas, a battle which has often proved to be more difficult than it looks.

Fleas are not merely an issue because they bite and precipitate hours of frustrating itching for your dog, but they can also cause more critical problems such as tapeworm infestations, flea allergies in dogs and in acute situations, anemia.

Due to their amazing stamina, fleas are inconceivably tough to keep in check. The female flea may lay more than 2,000 eggs in her lifecycle, which indicates that infection could strike suddenly and the eggs that are laid can endure for quite a few months in nature while just awaiting an appropriate target. For this reason it is imperative to control both the fleas on your pet as well as the fleas residing in the animal's living space. The top locations to look for fleas are sand, bed linens, rugs and carpeting.

The Best Methods to Get Rid of Dog Fleas

To successfully get rid of dog fleas on your pet and in his surroundings, it is basic to understand the flea's lifespan. There are four stages that makeup the life span of the flea. Like the majority of insects, the fleas originates from the egg stage, turns into larva, then progresses into the pupa phase until lastly getting to the adult stage.

The Flea Egg Stage

The fleas eggs are pallid in color and are so minute that they are difficult to find without the use of a magnifying glass. Though the eggs are originally laid on the dog's skin, a lot will ultimately fall onto the ground to perpetuate their expedition to an adult. Approximately 50 percent of the entire flea count is made up of eggs. Depending upon the surrounding conditions, the eggs hatch in somewhere between two to four weeks. The greater the temperature and humidity in the living area, the quicker the eggs will hatch.

The Flea's Larva Stage

As soon as the flea egg hatches, it enters the larva phase where it expands to approximately 1/4 inch in length. The flea larvae survive on organic waste matter and in the feces of the adult flea. They don't like strong lights and have a tendency to take cover deep inside the current surroundings, if at all possible in a warm and humid area. Climate controlled homes are the preferred surroundings for the flea lifecycle to flourish. Outdoors, larva maturity will only take place in wet, shaded locations.

The Flea's Pupa Stage

After moving into the pupae phase, the flea pupae grow a silken and tacky protecting shell. The layer promptly structures a valuable camouflage as it becomes encased by debris and silt. If stimulated by warmth, carbon dioxide or by physical pressure, like that in a warm and moist location, an adult flea might come out from its chrysalis in as quickly as 5 to 10 days. When the adult flea emerges from the cocoon, it will live for only a few days unless it's able to feed. Pre-emerged adult fleas may exist in the chrysalis for as many as nine months. This is pertinent for the reason that adult fleas that still live inside the cocoon are resilient to insect repellents sprayed in the environment and can emerge a significant time after you utilize insecticides in your home.

The Flea's Adulthood Stage

As soon as the adult flea comes out from the cocoon, it will want to promptly get a host as it has to have blood if it is to subsist. A few days after finding an acceptable host, the female flea will start laying around 40 eggs each day. Adult fleas ordinarily survive up to 3 weeks. The complete lifecycle of a flea can be ended in as quickly as two to four weeks, or up to 10 months contingent upon the surrounding conditions.

Treating a Dog for Fleas

There are many shampoos, powders, sprays and on the spot measures available for killing fleas on dogs. Be certain to consult with a veterinarian to pick the truly helpful and reliable flea insecticides for your home and pets.

Methods to Get Rid of Dog Fleas Indoors

Most products are simply helpful against the adult flea, but environmental products are becoming more refined. A veterinarian can provide you flea pesticides that are comprised of insect growth regulators that will help destroy the flea eggs and larvae. Prior to using any indoor pesticide, you should vacuum the carpeting and rugs to persuade the pre-adult fleas to surface from their protective cocoon. Be certain to throw out the vacuum bag following its use. You should also clean the bedding your pet has rested on.

Methods to Get Rid of Dog Fleas Outdoors

Pay particular attention to dim, shaded spots. Spray a product made from an insect growth regulator and do it again every 2-3 weeks for 3 to 5 treatments. The latest topical and oral flea formulas will profoundly assist you in taking care of your flea problems. With determination and patience, you and your best friend should be free of fleas in a jiffy!

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Friday, August 5, 2011

Remedies for Dog Skin Allergies

Have you began to see your dog scratching and itching more than usual? Is the scratching causing exposed wounds and disappearance of fur on your canine pal? If so, this is a possible indication that your canine friend might be stricken with dog allergies. So what are skin allergies in dogs? Canines do not display the characteristic red eyes and a watery nose like people do when we have an allergy. Other warning signs may include excessive itching of a particular area, or chewing of the paws causing them to bleed.

What Causes Allergies in Dogs?

An allergic reaction occurs when an animal's immune system excessively reacts to individual allergens. The body will then produce antibodies as a type of defense after the trigger of an allergy comes into the body. These antibodies will next connect to immune cells in the skin and other tissues. Thus, while the allergens gradually seep into tissue surfaces, the antibodies cause immune cells to emit powerful substances (called histamines) into the surrounding tissue. This will then cause inflammation and dog itching.

There are certain things to consider when attempting to find the trigger of skin allergies in dogs. An allergy that affects a pet's skin is generally caused by one (or some) of these: airborne allergens, food, and fleas.

  • Flea Dermatitis also known as Flea Allergy is generally brought on by saliva from a flea. That is the reason it is extremely vital to liberate your pet of fleas regularly.
  • Seasonal dog allergies are brought on by the inhalation of airborne allergens in the natural environment, including mold spores, cigarette smoke, dust and pollen, instigate atopic allergies. If a pet has pollen allergies, the dog will manifest warning signs, even if kept indoors as the particles will come into the home. Sneezing, wheezing and coughing often are symptoms of this sort of allergy.
  • Food allergy is the next most common variety of dog allergy. The most likely reasons for food allergies in dogs include: soy, chicken, milk, corn, eggs, wheat and beef. Diarrhea and Nausea frequently accompany this type  of dog allergy.
  • Contact allergy is the least frequently seen type of allergy in pets and is triggered by contacting with something. Triggers could include plastic, wool and grass. A few dogs could develop allergic reactions to certain chemicals in the house, but it isn’t very common.

How to Diagnose Skin Allergies in Dogs

A veterinarian might be able to identify the cause, though it may entail a procedure of elimination to find the root of the dog’s allergy and could possibly refer your dog to a veterinarian that’s a dermatology expert. If fleas are ruled out, the animal could be put on an elimination food regimen for a couple months. The dog is fed food it hasn’t had before, for instance, duck, lamb, and potatoes, with the old food being introduced progressively until the allergy reemerges.

The allergen is thought to be one or more ingredients if the dogs itching lessens by at least one half of what it was earlier. To test for atopic and contact skin allergies, dermatology specialists employ an intradermal allergy exam that works by gently anesthetizing the dog with minute quantities of prospective allergens that are injected into the shaved region of the skin. If your pet is allergic to a specific substance, the skin close to the area of the injection will become inflamed.

Treating Skin Allergies in Dogs

Keeping your pet away from allergens and curing the symptoms of allergies in dogs are the soundest approaches to treatment. Medications such as steroids and antihistamines could be advocated to relieve effects of scratching and swelling in pets, although like all drugs they may come with unwanted side effects and the long-term effects are not known.

Long term treatment using steroids is not recommended since these medicines operate by suppressing the immune system. Continued steroid use could eventually leave your pet defenseless against diabetes, infections and further conditions.

Homeopathic Remedies

Luckily for pet enthusiasts, there are a lot of non-toxic and all natural homeopathic and herbal remedies for dogs experiencing skin illnesses. Melaleuca alternifolia can be applied as a topical to stimulate skin health and keeping the animal’s skin sterile while Althaea officinalis root is a great and commonly accepted remedy for restoring the skin. Homeopathic treatments such as Apis and Ledum have great soothing qualities and are particularly effective in healing sore and itchy skin, or minute bites and wounds.

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